A friend class in C++ can access the private and protected members of the class in which it is declared as a friend.

To declare all member functions of a class (says Class1) friend functions of another class (says Class2), declared ”friend class Class1;” in Class2.
Friends are not symmetric. That is, if Class1 is a friend of Class2, it does not imply that Class2 is a friend of Class1. Friends are also not transitive. That is, if Class1 is a friend of Class2, and Class2 is a friend of Class3, it does not imply that Class1 is a friend of Class3.
Use friend with care. Incorrect use of friends may corrupt the concept of information hiding and encapsulation.