Relational Model

  • A relation’s primary key uniquely identifies a single tuple.
  • A foreign key specifies that an attribute from one relation has to map to a tuple in another relation.
  • A candidate key is a minimal superkey.
  • A super key is a set of one or more attributes (columns) that can uniquely identify a row in a table
    • then
    • t for tuple and K for key

Functional Dependency

  • Superkey:设 K 为 R< U , F >的属性或属性组,若 K->U,则称 K 为 R 的超码
  • Candidate key:设 K 为 R< U , F >的超码,若 K-> when f U,则称 K 为 R 的候选码
  • Primary key:若 R(U , F) 有多个候选码,则可以从中选定一个作为 R 的主码

Relational Databases

  • SQL Query
  • In SQL, we choose the types of data that each column will store.
  • check the schema, or design, of our new table with .schema
  • SQL supports many functions that we can use to count and summarize data:
    • AVG
    • COUNT
    • LOWER
    • MAX
    • MIN
    • UPPER
  • Since each show may have more than one genre, we can have more than one row per show in our genres table, known as a one-to-many relationship.

Database Consistency Constraints: